THE BEECH FOREST

Beech forest is the climax forest of the medium-high zone of Mount Baldo. In the past, beech trees on Mount Baldo were probably more widespread than they are today, and made up vast uninterrupted forests, while now they only form a few small woods interspersed with pastures.  On Mount Baldo you can distinguish two different kinds of beech forests: a more thermophilic one (adjacent to low altitude hornbeam and manna ash forests), and another that is distinctly mesothermal, located at higher altitudes. The typical mountain beech forest develops on fresh and deep soil at an altitude between 1000 and 1400 meters, where beech is always dominant and only occasionally accompanied by other tree species such as mountain maple, mountain ash, whitebeam and wild cherry.

The beech forests of Mount Baldo are mainly tall tree forests with an important role both in ecology and landscape.  Some specimens reach monumental proportions.  Coppice woods, once widespread because they provided excellent firewood, are less common today.

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