ALPINE HUT COLONEI DI PESINA

This ancient property (colonel) of the rural community of Pesina, which is currently owned by the Municipality of Caprino, covers an area characterized by dome-shaped hillocks, basins and karst sinkholes.  The hut presents all the features characterizing the spatial organization of the territory in the 18th century, when the local nobility turned vast mid-mountain areas into pasturelands for grazing cattle during the summer.

The alpine hut or baito, surrounded by extensive pasture areas  reclaimed from the forest, is typically composed of  two rooms: the logo del latte (the milk room) and the logo del fogo (the fire room) that was used for the processing of milk and as living quarters for herdsmen during the alpine pasturing season.  The adjoining buildings are the casàra, for the storage and maturation of cheese, and the porsil, the pigsty where herdsmen raised pigs that were fed on scòta, residue from the processing of milk (whey).

Close to the buildings were small plots of land bordered by dry-stone walls for the cultivation of vegetables, and the riserve(reserves), small fir or pine woods that served as shelters for animals on very sunny days or during the night.  Finally, on the grazing land of the hut there are always some pozze (puddles) derived from natural sinkholes, sealed with clay to collect rainwater for watering livestock.

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